Harvard Examples - Internet sources - Social media

See this example properly formatted in the QUT Cite tool.


Standard in-text citation examples are in Getting started - In-text citation.

Reference List

Social media post


Author (Username). Year. "Post." Name of service, Month Day, Year. http://www.xxxxxx.


Player_45. 2017. "Please celebrate Leap Year Day in the traditional manner by taking a writer out for dinner. It's been four years since many authors had a good dinner." Facebook, February 29, 2017. https://www.facebook.com/player45/posts/10150574185041016.

Obama, Barack (@BarackObama). 2016. "Four more years. pic.twitter.com/bAJE6Vom." Twitter, November 6, 2016. https://twitter.com/BarackObama/status/266031293945503744.


Where there is no post title, use part of the text of the post, of up to 160 characters (including spaces). If there is a title, use the title.

Include the username in parentheses if it varies to the author information. If the real name of an author is not known, substitute the username provided for the author.

If the item contains no words, such as a photograph without a caption, provide a description of the item.

Online Forum post


Author. Year. "Title of thread." Name of list, Name of host site, Month Day, Year. http://www.xxxxxx.


Unmutual7. 2018. "Are we using invasive species?" The Big Picture, Permaculture Research Institute, December 29, 2018. https://permaculturenews.org/forums/index.php?threads/are-we-using-invasive-species.12849/page-2#post-109305.


Provide the most direct URL possible. Click on a post's date stamp to access its archival URL.

Non-public social media posts are cited as a personal communication and not included in the reference list. See Personal Communications.